Understanding your pathology
tests and reports

When you are sick, experiencing symptoms, or need to be screened for a disease, the results of your pathology tests will, for the most part, be used to decide your treatment and care. While your healthcare provider will take care of this process for you, you may want to understand what to expect and the reasoning behind your next pathology test.

What Are The Most Common Tests Done In Pathology?

There are a great variety of pathology tests including blood tests, urine and stool (faeces) tests, and those that involve testing bodily tissues. These are used to detect and treat a range of diseases and medical issues. Here are some of the more typical pathology tests that you are likely to come across (in no particular order):

  • Full blood count
  • Liver functions tests
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) test
  • Iron studies
  • Urinalysis
  • INR (International Normalized Ratio)
  • Tissue biopsy
Common Tests

Reasons To Have A Pathology Test

There are many reasons to have a pathology test. Here is a general summary:

  • For a general health check and disease prevention/early detection
  • To assist a medical diagnosis
  • When disease monitoring/management is underway
  • To help prevent the spread of an infectious disease
  • To fulfil employment and insurance requirements, eg. drug test